Background

Healthcare professionals are often required to make complex decisions regarding patient care during a clinical emergency. However humans are poor at multi-tasking and their performance is also vulnerable to stress, production pressures, distractions, biases and errors. Systematic training in handling critical medical events is often not available at medical school. Simulator-based training teaches the participants how to manage a critical clinical event and also how to manage their individual and collective resources and work together as a team. These behaviors, which have been well-studied in aviation industry, are now standard training requirements for commercial pilots, and specialist anaesthesiologists. The use of a high-fidelity human simulator enables simulation of clinical crisis with realism and accuracy.

The essential components of clinical crisis management courses highlight factors that affect human behaviour and performance, team interactions, and introduce a set of generic crisis management principles. The simulator is now used in training medical students, nurses, emergency physicians and other healthcare professionals.